Arrhythmia, which disrupts the correct rhythm of the heart muscle, is a fairly common disease of the cardiovascular system. And the attack in a sick person may occur against the background of overloads and strong emotional feelings. Therefore, it is very important to know the principles of first aid in this pathology.
The arrhythmia develops against the background of disorders of the cardiac conduction system. Most often it is manifested by a sense of heartbeat, intermittent rhythm, slowing heart, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, pain or pressure in the chest. If the pathology is not treated, it leads to complications and can cause angina, thromboembolism, acute heart failure and even cardiac arrest.
The onset of the attack
The beginning of an attack can be determined by the following manifestations:
- General weakness and dizziness;
- Pushes and sensations of freezing in the heart area;
- shortness of breath;
- Feeling a change in heart rhythm (rapid or slow).
First aid for arrhythmia: Relax and remain calm
At the very beginning of the attack it is important to try to get a grip and calm down. A sharp change of activity is also a good help – do an easy cleaning around the house or do some simple breathing exercises. If a person’s heart rate exceeds 120 beats per minute and the seizure lasts for several hours, you should urgently call an ambulance or take a person to hospitals yourself. Until then, it is important to be able to provide first aid to the victim.
First aid for arrhythmia
It is possible to prevent arrhythmia at home using simple methods. It is important not to panic and to calm the patient, providing him with complete peace. Sit the person in a chair, putting his head on the high back, and then put him on the bed. It is necessary that the patient understands the position in which he is easier and more comfortable. Provide the patient with complete peace. Open windows in the room to provide fresh air.
Ask the patient to do a simple breathing exercise: close his eyes, take a deep breath and hold his breath for 2-3 seconds. At the same time, apply pressure to the eyelids (three times for 10 seconds for a minute). This will help restore the heart rhythm and calm the person.
It is possible to give a person some kind of sedative (tincture, valerian or motherwort).
Dizziness and poor health may cause a panic attack, so it is important to calm the patient and explain to him that all the symptoms are temporary.
If a person develops shortness of breath or swelling, place him in a semi-sitting position, but in no case, do not stack horizontally. If the condition does not improve, you can normalize the heart by provoking the vomiting reflex. To do this, you should irritate the larynx with your fingers.
The first aid in ventricular arrhythmia
If during an attack a person’s heart rate is very weak, this is the main sign of ventricular arrhythmia. In this case, it is important to take the following actions. Leave a person’s head to open the airway as much as possible. Undo your clothes so that they do not stifle movement and do not interfere with breathing.
Ensure that fresh air is available in the room. Keep an eye on your heart rate. If there is no improvement, start an external heart massage and CPR. Place a person on a flat hard surface, put your palm on the lower third of the sternum and press the chest with a frequency of 100-120 clicks per minute. You can rest for no more than 10 seconds. After every 15 keystrokes, hold CPR twice in a row, closing the nose of the victim. Proper action before the arrival of doctors will help reduce the risk of complications, and possibly save a person’s life.